The FIDO Alliance was founded in 2012 with the aim of making identification on the Internet faster and more secure. The plan to abolish the password in the network is now gaining momentum. Apple relies on the passkey.
Apple is implementing the goals of the FIDO Alliance in the form of a solution dubbed “Passkey”. This is based on a combination of strong encryption and biometric data, as recorded by the sensors of laptops or mobile devices. To activate the function on a website or in an app, users only need to create a digital authorization key once using Apple’s face recognition FaceID or the fingerprint scanner TouchID. This key is only valid for the respective website or app for which it was created. What is new is that the passkey is passed on to the user’s other devices via the iCloud keychain, thus enabling cross-device authorization. Since other members of the FIDO Alliance such as Microsoft and Google also support the system, rapid adoption is expected in the coming years.
The password-free authentication should make it impossible to intercept login data and thus reliably slow down data thieves. The fact that leading hardware and software providers are working together on implementation shows what is the order of the day: where this has not yet happened, online service providers and retailers should make their login processes future-proof and enable access without a password. Technology groups such as Apple, Google and Microsoft deliver the solution on the user/customer side as standard. Now the companies have to follow suit and adapt their login systems so that the passwordless security functions can also be used.